Bible Courses, Prophets: POST EXILIC, reading guide

© Rabbi David L. Kline  


HAGAI     521 BCE, Post Exilic Jerusalem.  At issue for the returnees is rebuilding the Jerusalem Holy Temple.  Zerubavel, governor appointed/sanctioned by the Persian rulers, may be a descendant of the Davidic dynasty.  Y’hoshua is High Priest (haKohen haGadol) a new title/position, not found in Deuteronomy.
1            People living in finished houses–what about the temple? 
2            Strengthen Zerubavel and Y’hoshua :6 new Temple            :10 Torah check the priests

ZECHARIAH  (Chapters 9-14 are a late eschatological addition to the book)
1            Dated same as Hagai.   Remembering the old days   :7  1st Vision with explanation
2            2nd Vision with explanation?  :5-9  3rd Vision with explanation  :10 The good news
3            4th Vision: Joshua the priest, the angel and the satan
4            5th Vision: Menorah and olive trees.  Not by might and not. . .
5            6th Vision: Flying scroll, apocalypse   :5  7th Vision: Woman in basket ???
6            8th Vision: Apocalyptic winds???  :9  Messianic expectation
7            Fasting  :8 Injustice and consequence
8            Ideal future, Jerusalem
9            Neighbors destroyed, Jerusalem restored  :9 king coming, riding on an ass
10            Triumphant national restoration
11            Good shepherd and bad shepherd
12-14            Future reign of God   Jerusalem victorious but will weep for dead amond the defeated
            13:2 End to prophets
            14  Final war at Jerusalem              God will fight
            14:9 וְהָיָה יְהֹוָה לְמֶלֶךְ עַל־כָּל־הָאָרֶץ בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא יִהְיֶה יְהֹוָה אֶחָד וּשְׁמוֹ אֶחָד:           

LEVITICUS 19.  Ca 450 BCE, time of Ezra, P (Priestly Document) 
K’doshim, “Holiness Code.”  A list of ethical concepts in the middle
of a book mostly devoted to sacrificial offerings, ritual purity, cultic
practices, and priests’ responsibilities, conduct, clothing. 
For context and background, have a look at
Lev 2            korban and minchah offerings
Lev 8            Ceremonial clothing
Lev 11            Kosher animals
Lev 18            Sexual prohibitions
Lev 24            Capital punishment
Lev 26            Retribution

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