Bible Courses, Prophets: POST EXILIC, reading guide
© Rabbi David L. Kline http://good-to-be-a-jew.blogspot.com/
POST EXILIC PROPHETS Reading Guide
HAGAI 521 BCE, Post Exilic Jerusalem. At issue for the returnees is rebuilding the Jerusalem Holy Temple. Zerubavel, governor appointed/sanctioned by the Persian rulers, may be a descendant of the Davidic dynasty. Y’hoshua is High Priest (haKohen haGadol) a new title/position, not found in Deuteronomy.
1 People living in finished houses–what about the temple?
2 Strengthen Zerubavel and Y’hoshua :6 new Temple :10 Torah check the priests
ZECHARIAH (Chapters 9-14 are a late eschatological addition to the book)
1 Dated same as Hagai. Remembering the old days :7 1st Vision with explanation
2 2nd Vision with explanation? :5-9 3rd Vision with explanation :10 The good news
3 4th Vision: Joshua the priest, the angel and the satan
4 5th Vision: Menorah and olive trees. Not by might and not. . .
5 6th Vision: Flying scroll, apocalypse :5 7th Vision: Woman in basket ???
6 8th Vision: Apocalyptic winds??? :9 Messianic expectation
7 Fasting :8 Injustice and consequence
8 Ideal future, Jerusalem
9 Neighbors destroyed, Jerusalem restored :9 king coming, riding on an ass
10 Triumphant national restoration
11 Good shepherd and bad shepherd
12-14 Future reign of God Jerusalem victorious but will weep for dead amond the defeated
13:2 End to prophets
14 Final war at Jerusalem God will fight
14:9 וְהָיָה יְהֹוָה לְמֶלֶךְ עַל־כָּל־הָאָרֶץ בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא יִהְיֶה יְהֹוָה אֶחָד וּשְׁמוֹ אֶחָד:
LEVITICUS 19. Ca 450 BCE, time of Ezra, P (Priestly Document)
K’doshim, “Holiness Code.” A list of ethical concepts in the middle
of a book mostly devoted to sacrificial offerings, ritual purity, cultic
practices, and priests’ responsibilities, conduct, clothing.
For context and background, have a look at
Lev 2 korban and minchah offerings
Lev 8 Ceremonial clothing
Lev 11 Kosher animals
Lev 18 Sexual prohibitions
Lev 24 Capital punishment
Lev 26 Retribution